|Central Area is the central part of the ancient city, where the main square, agora, was supposedly located in the Greco-Roman Period. In the Middle Ages, numerous churches were erected there. We should note that nowadays the most part of the area is covered with monastic buildings from the mid- or late nineteenth century. The eastern boundary of the area is transverse street 6, its eastern limitation is longitudinal (north) street I, and its south boundary is longitudinal (south) street I. The western boundary goes by transverse street 15, main (longitudinal) street, and transverse street 12.
The first excavation in the area were in 1827, when a cross church was discov-ered, where, as it was supposed at that time, prince Vladimir had been baptized. Later on, in 1853, fathers superior of St. Vladimir’s Monastery used to excavate there. They were father Vasiliy and, before the big church building started in 1861, father Yevgeniy. As of the date of the church building finished, in 1890–1892, K. K. Kostsyshko-Valyuzhinich excavated there; he also investigated western sector of the area and un-covered mediaeval residential quarters, public baths from the Roman Period, and re-mains of a large Greco-Roman house, the so-called Mint. R.Kh. Leper also excavated this area in 1910–1912.
At present, restoration of surviving archaeological sites was made in the central square because of the reconstruction of St. Vladimir’s Church.